Five Development Trends in China's Mold Industry Look Forward to Export Prospects
1. Accelerate mechanism conversion and structure becomes more reasonable
In order to adapt to the situation, China’s mold industry has accelerated the pace of system reform and mechanism conversion in recent years. “Three foreign capitals” and private enterprises have occupied the dominant position in the industry. The level of equipment and products have greatly improved, and management has made great progress. . Many companies have applied CAD/CAM/CAE integration technologies, 3D design technologies, information management technologies such as ERP and IM3, and many high technologies such as high-speed processing, rapid prototyping, virtual simulation, and network technologies. Companies that have passed various quality system certifications are more than a year old.
2, the scale of economic benefits, rapid development of the cluster
While the specialization of “small and sophisticated” has continued to develop, the scale effect has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. In addition to making the company bigger and bigger and benefiting economies of scale, the mold cluster production continues to show its superiority. As a result, various types of cluster production such as “Mold City”, “Mold Park”, and “Mold Production Base” are in the country. Rapid development. At present, there are more than 40 enterprises that have annual production of over 100 million yuan in molds, more than 200 enterprises with more than 30 million yuan, and nearly 50 "mold cities (parks)" that have a certain influence. The construction of these mold gathering and production bases has played a positive role in promoting the development of China's mold industry.
3. Pay attention to brand patents and strengthen innovation and research and development
Many companies began to realize the importance of "brand" and "patent", and their capital investment and capability for independent innovation continued to increase. For a long time, the mold has always been in the "rear" and "passive" status, so there are few "brands" and "patents." With the development of market economy, in recent years, companies have paid more and more attention to "brand" and "patent." Some companies have realized the importance of innovation and R&D, and their input has increased rapidly. According to the situation learned by the China Die and Mould Industry Association, in recent years, the ratio of investment and sales revenue of many companies in innovative R&D has reached about 5%, and individual companies have even reached 8% to 10%.
4, high-tech popular, mold talent shortage
The technical content of molds has been continuously improved, and more and more high-tech products have become molds. With the development of high and new technology, more and more mold manufacturing enterprises have been recognized as high-tech enterprises by relevant government departments at all levels. According to preliminary statistics from the China Modular Association, there are currently seven state-level high-tech enterprises in the mold industry, and there are nearly one hundred high-tech enterprises at the provincial and municipal levels.
The shortage of talent has become increasingly prominent. Although the rapid development of the workforce in China's mold industry in recent years, it is estimated that it has reached nearly a million people, but it still can not keep up with the development needs of the industry. First, the total amount is insufficient, and second, the quality is not enough to meet the needs of the development of the industry. According to Luo Baihui's survey, there are about 300,000 to 500,000 employees in the mold industry in the country, including about 20% engineering and technical personnel. The current shortage of high-quality and high-level mold enterprise managers and middle- and high-level technical personnel and advanced technologies are particularly in short supply. worker.
5. Increased foreign trade deficit and good export prospects
Although China's mold industry has entered the fast track of development, due to its accuracy, longevity, manufacturing cycle, and capability, compared with international standards and industrial advanced countries, there is still a big gap, so it can not meet the needs of China's manufacturing industry development. . Especially in the precision, large-scale, complex, long-life mold, still in short supply. Therefore, a large amount of imports are still needed each year.
The dependence on foreign capital has increased year by year. Six years after China’s accession to the WTO, foreign trade developed rapidly. The dependence of China’s economy on foreign trade rose from 30% to 70%. At the same time, in recent years, it was during the period when foreign capital entered China in large numbers. With the continuous expansion and deepening of the policy of opening up to the outside world, foreign investment in China's mold industry has also increased, and the dependence on foreign capital has also increased year by year. For example, Guangdong Province is the largest mold province in China and its production capacity accounts for about 40% of the country's total. Among the mold production capacity in the province, foreign-funded enterprises account for about 60%, and joint ventures account for about 10%. The province’s mold exports account for about 50% of the country’s total, and exports from foreign companies and joint ventures also account for the majority of its exports. Reliance on foreign investment and foreign trade will have a major impact on the safety of the industry and even the economic security of the entire country.